Paraphrasing: further resources and references

For more support and opportunities to practise English, please refer to the services below: 

The university’s Writing Advisory Service (WAS) offers one to one tutorials with our expert English tutors to discuss your writing. 

The Departmental Language Programme offers in-department support and lessons for students who would like to develop their academic English and communication skills. 

The Dyslexia/SpLD tutorial service is a one‐to‐one specialist tutorial service for students who have a formal identification of a specific learning difference, like dyslexia. Students who use this service may come from any department, and any type of course offered by The University of Sheffield.

Our English Language Support (ELS) courses are provided for foundation, undergraduate and postgraduate students at The University of Sheffield who would like to develop their academic literacy, English language and communication skills. If you scored a 6.5 or less on your latest IELTS, you will benefit from additional English language support.

Other useful links and resources related to paraphrasing


Bertron, A., (2014). Understanding interactions between cementitious materials and microorganisms: a key to sustainable and safe concrete structures in various contexts. Materials and Structures [online]. 47(11), 1787-1806.  [Viewed 2 November 2020]. Available from:  

Chen, G., & Tjosvold, D., (2014). Leader productivity and people orientations for cooperative goals and effective teams in China. The International Journal of Human Resource Management [online]. 25(15), 2129-2145.  [Viewed 2 November 2020]. Available from: 

Davidson, J, W. and Correia, J. S., (2001). Meaningful musical performance: A bodily experience. Research Studies in Music Education [online]. 17(1), 70–83. [Viewed 4 November 2020]. Available from:

Encyclopedia Britannica., (2020). Entry for Historiography [online]. Encyclopedia Britannica. [Viewed 14 November 2020]. Available from: 

Greenbank, P.,(2003). The role of values in educational research: the case for reflexivity. British Educational Research Journal [online]. 29(6), 791-801. [Viewed 2 November 2020]. Available from: 

Law, L., Hafiz, M., Kwong, T. & Wong, E., (2019). Evaluating Students’ Perceptions on the Effectiveness of Online Intercultural Learning Experience via a SPOC. Current Issues in Comparative Education (CICE). 21(1), 69-92.

Rubin, E., (2010). Legal scholarship. In: D. Patterson, ed. A companion to philosophy of law and legal theory. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 548-558.

Thomas, N.C. (1991) The early history of Spectography, Journal of Chemical Education, Vol 68, Aug 1991

University of Leeds ‘Avoiding Plagiarism’  Accessed Oct 25th, 2018


Other Materials Consulted

Bailey (2013) Academic Writing for International Students (London: Routledge)