e.g. The researcher only interviewed 5 people. It is impossible to make generalisations from such a small data set. / The researcher was only looking at male students from privileged US universities; therefore, generalisations cannot be made about female students, students from lower socio-economic backgrounds, or students from universities in other countries
The researcher asserts that the finding that people eat more ice-cream in the summer is surprising. This interpretation seems misguided, as several studies (e.g. Swales et al 1989, Johnson & Torin, 2003) have suggested a strong correlation between hot weather and desire for ice-cream.
e.g. In a survey, most students said that they like at the University of Sheffield and the researcher concludes that all students believe that University of Sheffield is the best university in the world; However, the results do not fully confirm that this interpretation is true as three participants preferred Manchester University
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